The European Business Council for Africa

ECDPM's weekly update on EU - Africa relations and international cooperation

The need for more effective integration of development and humanitarian areas of work is all the more important when governments are devising policies to tackle forced displacement. This was one of the key findings of the team of experts – two of them from ECDPM – selected by the Finnish foreign ministry to evaluate the coherence between the country’s development policy and the objective of dealing with forced displacement.

Meanwhile, the head of ECDPM’s team working on agricultural transformation, Francesco Rampa, tells us in a video interview about his role as a member of the Task Force Rural Africa. This was a major opportunity to feed into and shape the policy of the European Commission on strengthening the partnership between Europe and the food and farming sector in Africa.

One of the findings highlighted by the task force is the need for a proper territorial development strategy. Clearly, a truly regional approach in handling essential resources is necessary. Ahead of Water Day, on 22 March, we have looked at Mali’s ambivalent attitudes towards the regional river basin organisations, as it tries to reconcile its national and regional interests in the management of the resource that is becoming scarcer every day: water.

Four conflict trends as seen by Crisis Group analysts  

➤ Algeria: Tens of thousands of people have staged daily protests across Algeria to oppose President Bouteflika’s decision to run for a fifth term. Crisis Group expert Michaël Ayari says the scale of the demonstrations, which have so far been largely peaceful, have not been witnessed in Algeria for decades and could mark a political turning point.

➤ Israel/Palestine: Tensions over Jerusalem’s Holy Esplanade continue after the Islamic Waqf rejected Israel’s ultimatum to close the Bab al-Rahma building, reopened for the first time since Israel sealed it in 2003. Crisis Group expert Ofer Zalzberg says the highly symbolic dispute puts significant strain on Israel’s relations with Jordan, the site’s Muslim custodian, perilously harming the popularity of their peace agreement.

➤ Venezuela: Opposition leader Juan Guaidó returned to Venezuela on Monday after a tour of South American capitals where he was received as interim president of the country. Crisis Group expert Phil Gunson says the government of Nicolás Maduro, which had threatened him with prosecution upon his arrival but has so far taken no action, must now decide how to respond to Guaidó’s threat to call a series of public sector strikes.

➤ Zimbabwe: On Monday, the U.S. opted to extend sanctions on Zimbabwe by one year. Crisis Group expert Piers Pigou says in the context of current U.S. political dynamics and the recent violent repression evident in the Zimbabwean state, it would have been difficult for Harare to prevent these measures from being rolled over as they have been for the last fifteen years.

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ECDPM's weekly update on EU - Africa relations and international cooperation

People with radically different working methods and approaches can be strange bedfellows but often make a great couple. Conversely, having shared priorities and declared common goals should make it easier to listen to each other. But this is not always as straightforward as it seems.

Our latest Great Insights magazine, with Jeske van Seters and Poorva Karkare as guest editors, is entirely devoted to the relationship between civil society organisations and business, and how their partnerships can help implement the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Despite some obvious differences and challenges, our contributors provide a multifaceted picture of this collaboration, offering many lessons from concrete examples.

Who should instead be totally on the same page are young people and governments when it comes to climate change. But, as you could clearly see in the eyes of 16-year-old Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg after her meeting with European Commission president Juncker, there is a frustrating divide between the rhetoric of European and African politicians, and the demands of young people on both continents worried about their future.

And then there are those who have always ignored each other but that are now finding reasons to work together. The European Think Tanks Group looked at how food producers, retailers and consumers are starting to engage more and more with urban planners to find ways to feed rapidly-growing cities in a sustainable manner.

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West Africa Brief
16 January - 5 February 2019| PDF

  • Niger transfers G5 Sahel presidency to Burkina Faso
  • UK’s new Joint Sahel Department
  • International conference on the emergence of Africa
  • Ghana: Year of return for African diaspora
  • Gold at the crossroads
  • What a Waste 2.0
  • The war against schools in the Sahel
  • Ibrahim Coulibaly, ROPPA president
  • West Africa’s growth prospects remain strong

The Week of 15 – 22 February 2019

Four conflict trends as seen by Crisis Group analysts

India-Pakistan: A 14 February suicide attack by Pakistan-based militants in Indian-administered Kashmir killed more than 45 Indian soldiers. Crisis Group expert Laurel Miller says it is the worst terror attack in Kashmir for over three decades and could spark a sharp escalation in conflict between the nuclear-armed neighbours if India opts for even a limited retaliatory strike.

Russia-Ukraine: The EU sanctioned eight Russians on Monday in connection with Moscow’s 25 November use of force against Ukrainian naval vessels in waters off Crimea. Crisis Group expert Katharine Quinn-Judge says maritime tensions continue to simmer following this week’s Russian live fire exercises south of the peninsula, which signal Moscow’s preparedness to use force to defend its 2014 annexation.

Sudan: Two months of anti-government street demonstrations continue to grip Sudan. Crisis Group expert Murithi Mutiga says the movement has kept up its momentum and participation has grown geographically and across socio-economic classes, leading to a stalemate between the government and protesters.

Venezuela: President Maduro, who denies there is a humanitarian crisis, rejected aid from countries that recognise Juan Guaidó as president. Crisis Group expert Phil Gunson says armed forces have been ordered to block supplies at the border, and that there is little sign of the opposition realising its hopes that a moral dilemma will split the military and cause some to abandon the president.

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ECDPM's weekly update on EU - Africa relations and international cooperation

Controlled blackouts in South Africa are continuing this week, to ease the pressure on its national power grid. The broader puzzling question for the continent is why, while being endowed with a wealth of renewable and non-renewable energy sources, Africa suffers from a huge deficit of supply and distribution of energy. Addressing this issue was the logic behind the creation of a common grid and a cross-border market for ‘pooling’ electricity. Alfonso Medinilla, Bruce Byiers and Karim Karaki have looked at African power pools to highlight the advantages and obstacles for this type of arrangement.

Diverging national short-term priorities often trump regional commitments and cooperation. This has been a thread throughout most of our work on the political economy dynamics of regional integration in Africa. With Fabien Tondel’s paper, we move from energy to livestock. But the message remains similar: despite the obvious advantages of tackling environmental, social and economic challenges at the regional level, we are still far away from a truly transnational approach.

Finally, San Bilal has looked at the European Fund for Sustainable Development ​Plus, one of the main pillars of the EU’s next long-term budget proposals to attract private investment.

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The Week of 8 – 15 February 2019

Four conflict trends as seen by Crisis Group analysts

South Sudan: A government offensive launched in mid-January in the Equatoria region against rebels who refused to sign the peace deal continues, displacing thousands who describe widespread brutality against civilians. Crisis Group expert Alan Boswell says the repressive counter-insurgency is marring the recent gains toward peace and risks driving rebel recruitment and an escalation of hostilities.

Libya: The Libyan National Army (LNA) consolidated its control of the Al-Sharara oilfield in south-western Libya after local guards previously loyal to the Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA) vowed to work under the LNA’s authority. Crisis Group expert Claudia Gazzini says Haftar’s increased military influence in the region could trigger a renewed power struggle with Tripoli-based authorities over the distribution of oil revenues.

Cameroon: An uptick in separatist violence in Anglophone regions killed several dozen people since Saturday and targeted the convoy of the governor of the Southwest region. Crisis Group expert Richard Moncrieff says the flare-up is related to the 11th February “National Youth Day” celebrations and the ten-day lock-down imposed by some separatists.

Iran: The U.S. co-hosted a Middle East conference in Warsaw on Wednesday and Thursday. It was promoted by Washington as a wide-ranging exchange on regional issues, says Crisis Group expert Ali Vaez, but participation and discussion largely focused on countering what the U.S. and its allies see as the threat posed by Iran.

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ECDPM's weekly update on EU - Africa relations and international cooperation

The 32nd African Union summit has just come to a close. Thus ended a busy two days with a packed agenda ranging from how to address funding gaps – a key issue for the Union which was spearheaded by outgoing AU chair Paul Kagame – to the progress on Agenda 2063 and the state of play of the African Continental Free Trade Area. The new chair, Egyptian president El-Sisi, has now officially taken over for 2019 and the decision was taken to have South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa as chair in 2020.

As usual we are here to help you connect the dots. To give you a sense of the challenges surrounding the implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area, Sean Woolfrey, Philomena Apiko and Kesa Pharatlhatlhe have looked at two countries in particular: Nigeria (which still has not signed it yet, but might do so soon) and South Africa (which did sign it but with some hesitation). These two countries are good examples of how different approaches and domestic priorities can and will influence the future of the agreement.

Also, following his paper on the finances of the African Union, Jan Vanheukelom wrote a blog looking at prospects of new AU chair El-Sisi being able and willing to carry on Kagame’s legacy.

Finally, we are looking for two new colleagues to join our Economic and Agricultural Transformation team. The details are below. As ever, don’t hesitate to share these vacancies in your networks.

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